Efficient design-stage investigation of EEXI compliance
Suitable for virtually all ships under EEXI restriction, our tools generate reference documentation for future compliance calculation quality assurance and benchmarking while providing resource-friendly framework for investigating EEXI compliance.
EEXI Requirements Affect Ships as Small as 400 Gross Tons
Most discussion about EEXI relates to large ocean-going ships, run by large companies with substantial resources. However, the EEXI requirements affect ships as small as 400 Gross Tons, and the process to obtain compliance certification can be intimidating and costly for companies running these vessels. This is particularly true during design-stage assessment of EEXI compliance, where the objective is not to prepare the “Technical File” for submittal but to investigate the current EEXI compliance status of a ship. This business planning stage can require multiple computations to evaluate the various options necessary to achieve compliance.
Compliance simply compares an EEXI “score” to a ship-type criteria, so why are EEXI compliance calculations so difficult and costly? The reason is principally to ensure appropriate commonality for each submittal, so that no one can “game” the calculation of the score. This requires the prediction of an approved speed-power curve from which is extracted a reference speed, power, and fuel rate. This has led to a set of requirements that are intricate, require a narrow definition of acceptable methodology, and can only be accepted from approved and verified providers (such as Classification Societies).
These are narrowly prescribed as CFD calculations that implement “Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes equations as governing equations with the consideration of viscosity and in presence of free-surface” [IACS Recommendations 2022, No. 173]. To utilize CFD, however, practitioners are required to demonstrate qualification in CFD computations and to conduct calibration/validation studies as part of the calculation of the reference speed-power curve.
Tank tests of resistance, self-propulsion, and/or propeller open-water performance following ITTC-1978 guidelines can be utilized in the calculations. This includes tests for ship load conditions that are different from the prescribed EEXI draft condition (typically the summer load line).
Trials conducted for normal business and operational planning are typically insufficient for use in the prescribed EEXI methodology. Approved trials must be conducted according to ISO or ITTC recommendations.
While the intent of these prescribed computational methods is laudable from the regulatory perspective, there needs to be a distinction made between what is needed for the strict requirements of compliance and what is useful and appropriate for design investigations. In fact, reliable – and technically valid – alternative methodologies are available.
Effective resource-friendly evaluation of the EEXI score for design investigation has led HydroComp to develop its new EEXI Assessment utility for the upcoming NavCad 2023 Premium Edition.
EEXI Assessment in NavCad Premium
Built upon an equilibrium Vessel-Propulsor-Drive system simulation model, NavCad can predict the various components of the system, including bare-hull and appendage resistance, windage drag due to the ship’s windage area and speed, hull-propulsor interaction factors, propeller performance, and engine demand (including fuel consumption). NavCad can also utilize CFD resistance, towing tank model tests, and open-water propeller tests directly or for correlation with its “Aligned Prediction” and “Aligned Series” features.
Once the system simulation model is in place and the equilibrium calculation of the speed-power curve complete, it is a simple matter to run the EEXI assessment. The ship narrowly failed EEXI compliance so various mitigation options can be reviewed, including engine limiters, very low sulphur fuel oil (VLSFO), propeller modifications, even hull cleaning.
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